1 (usually plural) discussion of all sides of a question; "the deliberations of the jury"
2 careful consideration; "a little deliberation would have deterred them" [syn: weighing, advisement]
3 planning something carefully and intentionally; "it was the deliberation of his act that was insulting" [syn: calculation]
5 the trait of thoughtfulness in action or decision; "he was a man of judicial deliberation" [syn: deliberateness]
- Rhymes: -eɪʃǝn
The act of deliberating, or of weighing and examining the reasons for and against a choice or measure
Careful discussion and examination of the reasons for and against a measure
- Finnish: harkinta
- This article refers to legal deliberation; for other meanings of the word refer to its Wiktionary entry.
Legal deliberation is the process in which a jury in a trial in court discusses in private the findings of the court and decides by vote with which argument to agree of either opposing side. As in public deliberation (or "deliberative democracy"), legal deliberation is a form of communication which emphasizes the use of logic and reasoning (as opposed to power, coercion or emotion) to make sound decisions.
In criminal matters, this can involve both rendering a verdict and determining the appropriate sentence. In civil cases, the decision is whether to agree with the plaintiff or the defendant and the amount and nature of the results of the trial.
Typically, a jury must come to a unanimous decision before delivering a verdict; however, there are exceptions. When a unanimous decision is not reached and the jury feels that one is not possible, they declare themselves a 'hung jury', a mistrial is declared and the trial will have to be redone at the discretion of the plaintiff.
One of the most famous dramatic examples of this phase of a trial in practice is the film 12 Angry Men.
It has also been said that the longer a jury takes while deliberating a verdict, the lower the success rate for the prosecution.
deliberation in German: Deliberation
deliberation in Spanish: Deliberación
deliberation in Norwegian: Deliberasjon
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